The most important thing to remember about hyperpigmentation is the root cause. There are many common reasons for this, including sun exposure and hormonal changes during pregnancy which result in melasma. Melanin cells activate when there's an injury like a burn or acne scarring that triggers inflammation . A breakout on our skin is a form of injury so its no surprise we see those dark spots linger around long after the breakout gets resolved. The solution to hyperpigmentation is not always a simple fix. It involves step by step analysis of your skin type, what triggers the pigmentation and how it can be prevented from getting worse. When you approach any skincare with a multi-targeted regimen, the result is always better than individual products.
When buying skin care products, first know what your skin type is. Know what your skin care goal is, Is it to treat dark spots or wrinkles? Then, you pick a skin care product that has the right ingredients to target those concerns for your skin type. Build a regimen that targets the concerns with multiple ingredients that target with different mechanism of action.
Topical Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives. Originally founded in the 1970s as a prescription treatment for acne, its skincare benefits have made this the gold standard of anti aging ingredients. Based on the structural features and reflecting the time of introduction, retinoids can be classified into various generations- First generation includes tretinoin, retinol, retinaldehyde, isotretinoin, alitretinoin. Second generation includes etretinate and acitretin. Third generation includes adapalene and tazarotene.